Vitamin B12: Where it is and what is

Vitamin B12, also known as cobalamani, it is one of the most important in the family of these basic nutrients. What is it for?, what is your function? and above all, where is it located?

Vitamin B12 was discovered relatively recently. In fact, it was not until 1956 when its structure was revealed as a result of a research study on the pernicious anemia, a type of anemia precisely it caused by the difficulties of the body to absorb vitamin B12, producing a deterioration in the maturation of red blood cells or erythrocytes. This type of anemia is usually associated with increased feeling of fatigue, memory loss and cognitive disorders. The feeding It is essential to avoid lack of vitamins, in this case vitamin B12, a deficiency that has been linked primarily with vegan and vegetarian diets, lack of meat in the diet, forcing to look for substitutes. What kind of foods contain vitamin absorption and favor? Let's see what can not be lacking in our diet.

Other foods containing vitamin B12 (although in much lower amounts than meat), derived from animal origin and, generally, are also included in the vegan diet is eggs (Chicken, goose, duck), the cheese (Parmesan, mozzarella, pecorino, and many others), milk and the yoghurt, It is containing small quantities.

Experts in diet and nutrition emphasize how important it is to follow a varied and balanced diet to avoid the lack of certain nutrients. Vitamin B12 deficiency occurs, of course, not reach the recommended amounts in the daily diet. Introduce forms of this vitamin in our body is through diet or through supplements.

The importance of vitamin B12 health

Vitamin B12 plays a vital role in health. Thus, it is important for the cell metabolism, especially for blood cells and the nervous system. For this reason, the deficit of this vitamin is related to serious anemia (macrocytic or megaloblastic). Furthermore, too low levels of this vitamin cause accumulation of an amino acid produced by the body, homocysteine. Excessive accumulation of homocysteine ​​in the blood can cause damage arteries or increase the risk of clogged blood vessels. Risk factors for cardiovascular disease (heart attacks, thrombotic stroke, vascular thrombosis&# 8230;).

Symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency

Symptoms that warn of the lack of this vitamin are feelings of fatigue or constant tiredness, difficulty walking, anxiety, Stuttering, increased sensitivity to cold, headache, palpitations, dizziness and breathing difficulties. Once the symptoms identified and diagnosed the problem, will be the doctor who will recommend us the most appropriate treatment to prevent, among other things, anemia.

You may also like: Vitamins: how to get the required dose vitamin and how to know what you are missing: symptoms and solutions.


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