The hepatic steatosis, or fatty liver disease, is caused by the excess fat accumulated in the liver (More than 5-10% of the weight of liver cells), constitute a risk to Health. Hepatic steatosis or fatty liver is a condition that should be treated and in no case be underestimated. Why does it occur? Between the Causes a diet too rich in calories or losing weight too fast are included. The complications They may be many, from liver inflammation to cirrhosis, which can lead to liver failure. Sometimes fatty liver inflammation is related to alcohol consumption. In this case we speak of NASH.
Fatty liver does not always present symptom evident. In fact, it is in advanced stages when clearer signs of fatigue appear, weightloss, weakness Y confusion. Although a blood evidence of fatty liver may occur, it is usually necessary to perform other tests, such as ultrasound, CT or MRI, and a liver biopsy (a tissue sample, analyzed under the microscope is extracted).
Among the causes of fatty liver it is the following a the diet too rich in calories, which prevents the liver to metabolize fats well. They are considered risk factors obesity, diabetes and hypertriglyceridemia. He alcohol abuse You can also increase the risk of accumulating fat in the liver. Other causes lie in losing weight too fast (due to extreme diets) and problems nutritional deficiencies. They can also affect stress, hereditary metabolic disorders and even viral diseases such as hepatitis C, and abuse of certain drugs, such as corticosteroids, tetracycline and aspirin.
To slow the progression of the disease is important improve lifestyle. It is essential to practice at least 30 minutes exercise every day and follow a balance diet, to reduce body weight, if overweight. It would be advisable to eliminate diet refined carbohydrates, which are found in foods such as cereals, pasta, rice and sweets. Similarly, it would be advisable to increase fiber intake.
A eg diet if appropriate fatty liver would be:
- Breakfast:. A slice of bread with 2 tablespoons of peanut butter or peanut butter, half a cup of strawberries.
- Half Morning: Half a cup of pears with a handful of almonds.
- Food150 grams of grilled salmon, 50 grams of soy beans, a piece of fruit.
- Snack: 30 grams of low-fat cheese.
- Dinner: 150 grams of grilled chicken seasoned with a teaspoon of olive oil, 200 grams of cooked vegetables.
Foods to avoid
In addition to avoiding sweet, the carbohydrates Y sugars, should limit consumption Saturated fats, because they are more difficult to metabolize by the liver. If we maintain a high fat diet we not only find it harder to take care of the weight but we risk our health worse. Also should avoid fried, baked goods, and not eating dairy too. The same advice for red meat, pork and lamb. There are other foods that should be monitored, and are those with a high glycemic index, and thus increase the level of blood sugar (potatoes, bananas, white bread, corn, chocolate). And above all, avoid alcohol, because it causes fat accumulation in the liver.
Natural remedies can be very useful, especially when the disorder is mild. Remedies such as artichoke, dandelion Y Milk thistle. The artichoke It is rich in cynarin, which aids digestion and favors the elimination of fat, through stimulation of hepatic functions. It may take as infusions prepared from the dried and chopped leaves, to reduce the proportion of cholesterol in the blood.
Dandelion, meanwhile, is rich in active, such as linoleic acid and taraxinico acid, which may have effects on the digestive system ingredients. It is especially diuretic and detoxifying. Milk thistle has a stimulating effect, protects the liver, it stimulates the production of new liver cells and protects against free radicals. It can take an infusion between meals.
There are specific therapies for fatty liver. He treatment of fatty liver It is based on a healthy diet and a regular practice of physical activity. Doctors usually tend to avoid drug therapy, unless there is an ongoing inflammation. Besides avoiding alcohol abuse, it is very important to take care diet to reduce metabolic syndrome and overweight.
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